Roman History

Kingdom of Rome

Kingdom of Rome

Roman History - Pax Romana Decoration


The Kingdom of Rome existed between 753 BC - 510 BC. It was followed by the Roman Republic and eventually by the Roman Empire. The history of the Kingdom of Rome is a legendary tale intertwined with myth and historical fact. According to tradition, Rome was founded in 753 BCE by Romulus, who became its first king. The story goes that Romulus and his twin brother Remus were raised by a she-wolf and later founded the city on the Palatine Hill. While much of this story is legendary, it serves as the foundation myth of Rome.

During its early years, Rome was a monarchy ruled by a series of kings. The legendary period of the seven kings of Rome includes figures like Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, and Tarquinius Superbus. These kings were credited with establishing many of Rome's institutions, such as the Senate and the Roman law.

The last king of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus, was overthrown in 509 BCE, leading to the establishment of the Roman Republic. This event marks the end of the monarchy and the beginning of the republican era in Rome.

Despite the legendary nature of much of Rome's early history, archaeological evidence suggests that Rome did indeed exist as a settlement in the 8th century BCE. The establishment of a kingdom in Rome likely followed the patterns of other ancient Mediterranean societies, with a monarchy evolving into more complex forms of government over time.

The Kingdom of Rome laid the foundation for the later Roman Republic and Empire, shaping the course of Western civilization. Its legacy includes contributions to law, politics, architecture, engineering, literature, and philosophy. While much of its early history is shrouded in myth, the Kingdom of Rome remains a central part of the Roman narrative and continues to captivate the imagination of historians and enthusiasts alike.

Roman Cultures

Roman Cultures


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Secondary Sources

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