Cultures > Phoenicia

Phoenicia

Roman History - Pax Romana Decoration

Background

The city-states of Phoenicia were annexed by Rome in 64 CE. By 15 CE the city-states of Phoenicia were colonies within the Roman Empire and the city of Heliopolis became an important religious pilgrimage site within the empire.

It was at this site in Heliopolis that the great Temple of Baal/Jupiter at Baalbek was constructed that the ruins continue to exist to the present day.

The most important legacy of the Phoenicia civilization was their widespread dissemination of their culture and religion through their maritime trade network. This trade network also linked other civilizations such as Greece and Egypt.

Byzantine Empire

See Byzantine Empire

Arabs

Between 636 CE and 1516 CE the civilization of Phoenicia was controlled by the Arabs.

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

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