Roman Provincias > Provincia Alpes Cottiae

Provincia Alpes Cottiae

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This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Provincia Alpes CottiaeProvince of the Roman Empire15 BC–476 AD →Location of Alpes CottiaeThe Roman Empire ca. AD 117, with the province of Alpes Cottiae highlighted.CapitalSegusioHistorical eraAntiquity • Created by Augustus15 BC • Deposition of Romulus Augustulus476 ADToday part of France ItalyAlpes Cottiae [alˈpeːs ˈkɔt.tjae̯] was a province of the Roman Empire, one of three small provinces straddling the Alps between modern France and Italy.[1] Its name survives in the modern Cottian Alps. In antiquity, the province's most important duty was the safeguarding of communications over the Alpine passes.Alpes Cottiae was bordered by Gallia Narbonensis to the west, Alpes Maritimae to the south, Italia to the east, and Alpes Graiae to the north. The provincial capital was at Segusio (modern Susa in Piedmont).History[edit]The province had its origin in the kingdom controlled by Donnus, ruler of the local Ligurian tribes of the area in the middle of the 1st century BC, and was named after his son and successor Cottius, whose realm was integrated into the Roman imperial system under Augustus.Initially, Cottius and his own son of the same name after him continued to hold power as client kings; afterwards, under Nero a procurator was appointed and it officially became a Roman province. The governors of the province were prefects from the Equestrian order.Settlements in Alpes Cottiae included:Ad Fines (Malano) ("mansio", customs post)Ocelum (Celle) ("oppidum", Celtic village)Ad Duodecimum (S. Didier) ("mutatio")Segusio (Susa) (capital)Venausio (Venaus)(oppidum)Excingomago (Exilles) (oppidum,possible Donno's capital)Caesao / Goesao (Cesana Torinese)("castrum")Ad Martes Ultor (late imperial "Ulcense") (Oulx) ("castrum")Brigantium (Briançon) (mansio)Mons Matronae (Mont Genèvre)See also[edit]CottiusDonnusCottian AlpsReferences[edit]Jump up ^ Bertrand, E.; R. Talbert; S. Gillies; T. Elliott; J. Becker. "Places: 167636 (Alpes Cottiae)". Pleiades. Retrieved November 1, 2014.Tilmann Bechert: Die Provinzen des römischen Reiches: Einführung und Überblick. von Zabern, Mainz 1999.Bartolomasi : Valsusa Antica . Alzani, 1975.Prieur - La province romaine des Alpes Cottiennes, Lyon 1968.[hide] v t eProvinces of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent (117 AD)Achaea Aegyptus Africa proconsularis Alpes Cottiae Alpes Maritimae Alpes Poeninae Arabia Petraea Armenia Asia Assyria Bithynia et Pontus Britannia Cappadocia Cilicia Corsica et Sardinia Creta et Cyrenaica Cyprus Dacia Dalmatia Epirus Galatia Gallia Aquitania Gallia Belgica Gallia Lugdunensis Gallia Narbonensis Germania Inferior Germania Superior Hispania Baetica Hispania Tarraconensis Italia † Iudaea Lusitania Lycia et Pamphylia Macedonia Mauretania Caesariensis Mauretania Tingitana Mesopotamia Moesia Inferior Moesia Superior Noricum Pannonia Inferior Pannonia Superior Raetia Sicilia Syria Thracia† Italy was never constituted as a province, instead retaining a special juridical status until Diocletian's reforms.The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, at the death of Trajan (117 AD)Coordinates: 45.0167°N 6.7841°E

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