Roman Provincias > Provincia Lycia et Pamphylia

Provincia Lycia et Pamphylia

Roman History - Pax Romana Decoration


Provincia Lycia et Pamphylia was a Roman province located in the southern part of Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey), encompassing the regions of Lycia and Pamphylia. Here's an overview of the province:

Conquest and Formation:

Lycia and Pamphylia were ancient regions inhabited by indigenous peoples with a rich cultural heritage. Lycia, located along the Mediterranean coast, was known for its distinctive culture and city-states, while Pamphylia, to the east, was characterized by its fertile plains and ports. The regions came under Roman influence in the 1st century BCE and were eventually incorporated into the Roman Republic as part of the province of Asia. Later, during the reign of Emperor Vespasian in the 1st century CE, Lycia and Pamphylia were combined into a single administrative unit.


Provincia Lycia et Pamphylia was situated on the southern coast of Asia Minor, bordered by the provinces of Asia to the north and Cilicia to the east. It encompassed a diverse landscape, including rugged mountains, fertile valleys, and coastal plains. The province benefited from its strategic location along the Mediterranean Sea, which facilitated maritime trade and communication with other provinces of the Roman Empire and the wider Mediterranean world.

Urban Centers and Infrastructure:

The major cities of Lycia et Pamphylia included Patara, Myra, Phaselis, and Perge. These cities served as administrative, commercial, and cultural centers, boasting Roman architecture such as theaters, temples, and agora. Lycia et Pamphylia was connected to other provinces of the Roman Empire by a network of Roman roads, facilitating trade, communication, and military transportation throughout the region.

Economy and Resources:

Lycia et Pamphylia was an economically significant region, known for its agriculture, trade, and maritime commerce. The province produced grains, olives, grapes, and other crops, which were cultivated in the fertile valleys and plains. The region's ports, including those at Patara, Myra, and Phaselis, facilitated trade with other provinces of the Roman Empire and beyond. Lycia et Pamphylia also had valuable mineral resources, including marble and limestone, which were quarried and exported.

Culture and Society:

The population of Lycia et Pamphylia was ethnically diverse, consisting of indigenous Lycians and Pamphylians, as well as Greeks, Romans, and other ethnic groups. Greek and Latin were commonly spoken languages, reflecting the region's Hellenistic and Roman influences. Romanization gradually influenced the culture and society of Lycia et Pamphylia, with Roman customs, laws, and religion introduced alongside indigenous traditions. Temples dedicated to Roman gods and goddesses were erected, alongside local deities and cults.

Legacy and Decline:

Roman control over Lycia et Pamphylia lasted until the decline of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century CE. Following the Roman period, the region came under the rule of various powers, including the Byzantine Empire, the Seljuk Turks, and later the Ottoman Empire. The legacy of Roman Lycia et Pamphylia endures in its archaeological sites, monuments, and cultural heritage, which provide valuable insights into the history of the region and its interactions with the broader Roman Empire and the ancient world.

Roman Provincias

Roman Provincias List


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