Roman Structures > Roman Roads > Roman Roads in Africa

Roman Roads in Africa

Almost all Roman roads in Africa were built in the first two centuries AD. In 14 AD Legio III Augusta completed a road from Tacape to Ammaedara: the first Roman road in Africa. In 42 AD the kingdom of Mauretania was annexed by Rome. Emperor Claudius then restored and widened a Carthaginian trail and extended it west and east. This way the Romans created a continuous coastal highway stretching for 2,100 miles from the Atlantic to the Nile. In 137 Hadrian built the Via Hadriana in the eastern desert of Egypt. It ran from Antinoopolis to Berenice.Claudius' road that began west of Carthage followed the coastline connecting the coastal towns. From Hippo Regius, on the coast, it continued westwards to Icosium (Algiers), Caesarea (Cherchell), as far as Rusaddir (Melilla) and Tingis (Tangier). It then continued along the Atlantic coast through Iulia Constantia Zilil (Asilah) and Lixus (Larache) to Sala Colonia (near Rabat). East of Carthage the road went through the region of the Carthaginian trading stations Sabratha, Oea-Tripolis, Leptis Magna and Cyrenaica before coming to Alexandria and the lower Nile region.Roman Empire 125.pngThe Roman empire in the time of Hadrian (ruled 117-38 AD), showing some of the main roads in AfricaContents [hide]1Itinaries2See also3Sources4External links5Notes6BibliographyItinaries[edit]Roman road in Leptis MagnaAccording to the Antonine Itinerary[1]Coastal road through Skikda (Rusicade) to CarthageRoad from Carthage to Constantine (Cirta)Road from Tébessa (Theveste) to Sétif (Sitifi), via Tazoult (Lambese)Road from El Krib (Musti (Tunisia)) to Constantine (Cirta)Road from Constantine (Cirta) to Annaba (Hippo Regius)Road from Annaba (Hippo Regius) to Carthage, via Chemtou (Simitthu)Road from Annaba (Hippo Regius) to Carthage, via Le Kef (Sicca Veneria)Road from Thyna (Thaenae) to Tébessa (Theveste)Road from Haffouz ? (Aquae Regiae) to Sbiba (Sufes)Road from Zanfour (Assuras) to Thyna (Thaenae)Road from Tebourba (Thuburbo Minus) to Gabès (Tacapes), via Sidi Medien (Vallis)Road from Carthage to Sbeïtla (Sufetula), via El Krib (Musti (Tunisia))Road from Carthage to Sbeïtla (Sufetula), via Sousse (Hadrumetum)Road from El Djem (Thysdrus) to Tébessa (Theveste)Road from Tébessa (Theveste) to El Jem (Thysdrus), via Germaniciana (not located)Road from Sbiba (Sufes) to Sousse (Hadrumetum)Road from El Djem (Thysdrus) to Tébessa (Theveste)Road from Tébessa (Theveste) to El Djem (Thysdrus), via Germaniciana (not located)Road from Sbiba (Sufes) to Sousse (Hadrumetum)Road from Sbeïtla (Sufetula) to Kélibia (Clipea)Road from Carthage to Kélibia (Clipea)Coastal road from Carthage to Alexandria, via Thyna (Thaenae) and Lebda (Leptis Magna)Road called the road of the limes Tripolitanus, from Gabès (Tacapes) to Lebda (Leptis Magna)Road from Medina El-Kdima (Thélepte) to Gabès (Tacapes)[2]According to Peutinger's Table(only the supplementary roads are given) [to be completed]Roads from Gabès (Tacapes) to Medina El-Kdima (Thélepte), via Nefta (Nepte) and alternativesRoads from Medina El-Kdima (Thélepte) to Takembrit[3] (Siga and alternatives)Road from El Djem (Thysdrus) to Tébessa (Theveste), via Jama (Zama Regia)Road from El Djem (Thysdrus) to Aïn Hedja (Agbia), via Henchir Kasbat (Thuburbo Majus)See also[edit]Limes TripolitanusRoman roadsRoman roads in MoroccoVia HadrianaSources[edit]Eugenia Equini Schneider, "North Africa's great Roman road; from Alexandria to Gibraltar", UNESCO Courier, June, 1984 [1] (retrieved, Feb. 5, 2009)P. Salama, Les voies romaines de l'Afrique du Nord, Alger, 1951External links[edit]Maps in: Benet Salway, "Travel, itineraria and tabellaria", in Colin Adams, Ray Laurence, Travel and Geography in the Roman Empire, ed. Routledge, 2001, ISBN 978-0-415-23034-6, [2], p. 23-25 (retrieved Feb. 4, 2009)Detailed maps (of Roman roads in current Tunisia and Algeria) in: P. Salama, Les voies romaines de l'Afrique du Nord [3] (retrieved Feb. 3, 2009)Notes[edit]Jump up ^ Itinéraire d'Antonin, éd. d'O. Cuntz, Leipzig, 1929 (1990 ISBN 3-519-04273-8). and P. Salama, Les voies romaines de l'Afrique du Nord, Alger, 1951 (with a map of 1949).Jump up ^ Ch. Tissot, Des Routes Romaines du Sud de la Byzacène, dans RevAfr, 1857.Jump up ^ See Béni Saf.Bibliography[edit]Baradez, J., "Réseau routier de la zone arrière du limes de Numidie," Limes-Studien III (Basel 1959) 19-30.Benzina Ben Abdallah, Zeïneb, " À propos d' un pont de la voie de Carthage à Théveste, construit sous Hadrien, à l'entrée d'Ammaedara," BCTH(B) 24 (1993–1995) 95-100.Corò, F., "Le antiche strade romane della Tripolitania occidentale," RCI (1931) 1-20; 103-116.Euzennat, M., "Les voies romaines du Maroc dans l' Itineraire d' Antonin," Hommages à Albert Grenier (Bruxelles 1962) II, 595-610.Goodchild, R. G., The Roman Roads and Milestones of Tripolitania (London 1948).Hammond, N., "The Limes Tripolitanus. A Roman Road in North Africa," JBAA 30 (1967) 1-18.Marcillet-Jaubert, J., "Bornes milliaires de Numidie," Ant Afr 16 (1980) 161-184.Mattingly, D. J., "The Roman Road-Station at Thenadassa (Ain Wuf)," SLS 13 (1982) 73-80.Moran, C. & G. Gustavino Gallent, Vias y poblaciones romanas en el Norte de Marruecos (Madrid 1948).Morizot, Pierre, "Les voies romaines de Lambèse à « Calceus Herculis » (El Kantara, Algérie)," AntAfr 34 (1998) 149-155.Ponsich, M., "Kouass, port antique et carrefour des voies de la Tingitane," BAM 7 (1967) 369-405.Romanelli, P., Le grandi strade romane nell' Africa (Roma 1938).Salama, P., "Le reseau routier de l' Afrique romaine," CRAI (1948) 395-399.Salama, P., Les voies romaines de l' Afrique du Nord (Algiers 1951).Salama, Pierre, Bornes milliaires d' Afrique proconsulaire (Paris/Tunis 1987).Salama, Pierre, " Anomalies et aberrations rencontreées sur des incriptions milliaires de la voie romaine Ammaedara-Capsa-Tacapes," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 149 (2004) 245-255.Tissot, Charles, "Le bassin du Bagrada et la voie romaine de Carthage à Hippone par Bulla Regia," Memoires de l' Acad. des Inscriptions (Paris 1881).Roman roads in Morocco were the western roads of Roman Africa.Contents [hide]1Characteristics2Settlement roads3Notes4Sources5External links6See alsoCharacteristics[edit]In 42 AD the western part of the kingdom of Mauretania was reorganized as a province of Rome Mauretania Tingitana. During the reign of emperor Claudius infrastructure was improved.A road leading in the southern direction from Tingis split in two at Ad Mercuri.One of the two followed the Atlantic coast through Iulia Constantia Zilil (Asilah), Lixus (Larache) and Sala Colonia (near Rabat).The other, more to the east, ended in Tocolosida, near Volubilis and modern Fez.There it is the possibility that a Roman road was built toward south, from Sala Colonia to the area of modern Casablanca. Indeed, in the area of Casablanca there was a small port used by the Phoenicians and later the Romans since 15 BC.[1] This port was used for Roman expeditions toward the Canary islands.There was another important road that connected Tingis with Numidia (modern western Algeria).It ran from Tamouda to Numerus Syrorum.[2]Main Roman roads in western north AfricaSettlement roads[edit]Roman road in VolubilisIn ancient Morocco significant roads existed within some of the Roman settlements themselves .For example, wide roads paved with large hewn stones are found in the cities of Volubilis and Sala Colonia.Notes[edit]Jump up ^ Michael Dumper, Bruce E. Stanley, Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: a historical encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, 2000, p. 115Jump up ^ Septimius Severus road in Mauretania Tingitana (in Italian)Sources[edit]M. Euzennat. 1962. "Les voies romaines du Maroc dans l' Itineraire d' Antonin," Hommages à Albert Grenier (Brussels) vol. II, 595-610.Roman roads in Morocco in the Peutinger tableExternal links[edit]Diplomatie France (updated map) Les voies antiques du Maroc d’après l’Itinéraire Antonin (retrieved November 17, 2012) [1]Mauretania Tingitana (in Spanish)See also[edit]Antonine itineraryRoman roads in AfricaRoman expeditions to Sub-Saharan Africa

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