Roman Structures > Aqueducts > Aqueduct of Lutetia
Aqueduct of Lutetia
Remains of the aqueduct of Lutèce uncovered during development works of the ZAC Alésia-Montsouris ; exposed street from the Emperor Valentinian in the 14th arrondissement of Paris .The aqueduct Lutece is an ancient aqueduct that supplied Paris , then called Lutetia , in Roman times .Summary1History2Features3The aqueduct of Arcueil4References5See also5.1Related articles5.2External link5.3BibliographyHistory [ change | modify the code ]It was probably built in the second half of the second century AD. AD It stopped working at the time of the Barbarian Invasions , to the fourth century, lack of maintenance. The people who deserted the Left Bank to focus shelter in the island of the City , he had lost much of its interest.If it was never forgotten - because of the ruins of Arcueil and periodic discovered during work in Paris - it was not until the second half of the nineteenth century and important research of Eugène Belgrand we endeavored to find in the plot.One of the most striking recent discoveries took place in Paris in 1996, when the redevelopment of the area where were the old workshops of the Sceaux railway , between the rue d'Alesia and the Reille avenue , led to the establishment day of an important section of the aqueduct of Lutetia. A part has been preserved, and some of the streets created perpetuate the memory of that time (Street of the Emperor Julian Street of the Emperor Valentinian ).Features [ edit | edit the code ]The collected waters from sources and drainage of waters of the plain between Mishawaka , Rungis , Chilly-Mazarin and Morangis , at the northern end of the current department of Essonne . Secondary aqueducts from these villages flowed into a pool of 15 m 3 square called the waters of Mishawaka, located northwest of this town . From here left the main aqueduct, which itself was collecting various sources along the way.With a length of 16 km, it crossed in the Val-de-Marne present towns of Rungis, Fresnes , L'Hay-les-Roses , Cachan , Arcueil , Gentilly before arriving in Paris at the park Montsouris . He then won the Montagne Sainte-Genevieve by the Rue Saint-Jacques and served the ancient city, baths , fountains and palaces.Generally, the water flowed into a channel of Roman concrete of varying dimensions (0.62 m high by 1.28 m wide, in Cachan and rue Saint-Jacques) buried in shallow (about 1 m ), hollowed out of a culvert 45 cm side sealed by the pink cement and covered with slabs . Its average slope was 0.56 m / km. It is estimated that the flow rate was 1 500 m 3 / day .The aqueduct of Arcueil [ edit | edit the code ]At Arcueil and Cachan, he passed the hill is the western slope of the valley of the Bièvre with an aqueduct. It remains today a collapsed arch and some batteries fitted into a wall, in the property known since the Middle Ages the Stronghold of Arcs. The bridge's arches are of course the origin of the name, like that of the village itself. The bridge was down about 300 meters, 18 meters high and contained only a floor, relatively modest size in the catalog of Roman achievements of this type .The site was later taken to the passage of several aqueducts including the aqueduct Medici whose entire course is very close to that of the ancient aqueduct.References [ change | modify the code ]↑ Danielle Chadych Dominique Leborge, Atlas Paris, evolution of an urban landscape, Parigramme, 1999, p. 22-23↑ This Rungis was partly reused in the seventeenth century to supply the aqueduct Medici , and of Morangis Chilly-used against the slope, used since the 1780s to supply the castle moat Chilly-Mazarin .↑ Specifically between the line of the RER C and the limit of Rungis. Discovered by Eugène Belgrand in 1875, excavated by the Commission du Vieux Paris in 1903, today it is covered by several meters of rubble↑ Philippe Laporte, Aqueduct Medici. Its underground between Paris and Luxembourg Palace. Visit historical and contemporary., OCRA editions, 1998 ( ISBN 2-9503162-1-2 ), p. 16↑ Philippe Laporte, op. cit., p. 13-14↑ Philippe Laporte, op. cit., p. 13See also [ edit | edit the code ]On the other Wikimedia projects:Aqueduct Lutèce , Wikimedia CommonsRelated articles [ edit | edit the code ]Thermes de ClunyRoman TechnologyAqueducts Arcueil and CachanExternal link [ edit | edit the code ]Paris, ancient cityReferences [ change | modify the code ]André Desguine, On the Roman aqueduct of Lutetia said Arcueil-Cachan, Picard, Paris, 1948, 43 p.André Desguine, The Roman Aqueduct Lutèce in the town of Cachan, Picard, Paris, 1951. 8 p.
Roman Aqueducts List