Roman Structures > Aqueducts > Aqueducte de les Ferreres

Aqueducte de les Ferreres

The Aqüeducte de les Ferreres (also known as Pont del Diable in Catalan and Devil’s Bridge in English) is a spectacular, 249 meter (817 ft) long aqueduct built around the year 0 in the reign of the first Roman emperor Augustus.The 27 meter (88.5 ft) high structure was built to bring fresh water to the Roman city of Tarraco, today Tarragona in Spain’s autonomous region of Catalonia. In the year 2000, UNESCO added the Aqüeducte de les Ferreres to its listing of World Heritage sites. aqueduct of Tarragona (also called aqueduct of the Ferreres or Devil's Bridge) is an aqueduct located on the edge of the city of Tarragona in Spain . It dates from the first century : the decision of its construction is attributed to Augustus ; its state of preservation is remarkable.the aqueduct schemeIt is accessed by crossing a wooded park on the right of the road Valls. It spans a valley of its two rows of stone arches. He fed drinking water to the large neighboring Roman city of Tarragona. You could stay at the foot to take a step back and admire this small copy of the Pont du Gard or can be mounted in conducting water and so cross, on more than 200 meters, the valley from the top of the monument. It has long been known as the "Devil's Bridge" or bridge of Blacksmiths.Summary1History2course3ConstructionCinema45Gallery6References7See also7.1Related articles7.2External linkHistory [ change | modify the code ]Although one does not know the exact date of the aqueduct construction, it seems likely that it dates from the first century , in the time of Emperor Augustus , coinciding with the development of Tarraco which sees urbanization of the upper part of the city, then the seat of Concilium provinciae of Hispania Hither .The aqueduct functioned until the late Middle Ages. It was restored in the tenth century - the reign of the Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba - and again in the eighteenth century. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, was conducted various conservation work to repair the damage to the monument.In 1905 , it was declared Cultural Bé of Interès Nacional and in 2000 he was ranked World Heritage of UNESCO as part of the archaeological complex of Tarragona , in the 875-009 identification. After the acquisition of land by the municipality of Tarragona , the "Park Ecohistòric del Pont del Diable" was inaugurated in 2005 to protect the monument as its natural setting.Between 2009 and October 2011 was carried out restoration work of the upper cornice and upper wall to allow the passage of water through the channel of the upper part .Courses [ edit | edit the code ]The water catchment of the river Francoli (es) is done through a holding in a place called Torre del Comte, located between the villages of El Rourell and Perafort about 15 km from Tarragona. From above, water is supplied through a channel to Tarraco, first parallel to the river and from the Codony bridge, the canal follows the contour by taking advantage of natural terrain slopes to reach the barranc dels Arcs it crosses through the famous aqueduct bridge. On the southern part of barranc, the canal follows the old path of Àngel and enters the city by the Avenue of Catalonia where water was collected and purified in a large device, called castellum aquae (Latin name for castle water ) and then was distributed by a network of lead pipes in the residential area of Tarraco.Construction [ edit | edit the code ]The entire structure of the bridge is built in opus quadratum , stone blocks regularly pruned in the shape of parallelepipeds (rusticated size) and placed without mortar to dry joints. The canal leading water was built in opus signinum with a waterproof mortar of lime powder and broken tiles . The stone was taken from a quarry located on a hill near the monument, called coves of La Pedrera.Cinema [ edit | edit the code ]The bridge appeared in the film The Moon and the pin (La Teta y la luna) of Bigas Luna turned in 1994.Gallery [ edit | edit the code ]Detail of the aqueductDetail of the top of the aqueduct channelDetails of an arch of the aqueductBy nightReferences [ change | modify the code ]↑ (AC) Jordi Calvet, "aigua The Tarraco" Sàpiens, Barcelona, No. 61, November 2007 , P. 59 ( ISSN 1695-2014 )↑ (ca) "El Pont del Diable in Tarragona, rejovenit" , patrimoni.gencat, September 21, 2011 (accessed 22 July 2012)41 ° 08 '45 "N , 1 ° 14 '38 "E

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