Roman Structures > Aqueducts > Aqueduct of Reims

Aqueduct of Reims

Roman aqueduct DurocortorumAqueduct Reimsunderground aqueduct section.underground aqueduct section.GeographyCountryFlag of France la FranceReimsbeginningJonchery-sur-Suippe , Bois des Fosses, The Groulet.49 ° 09 '06 "N , 4 ° 28 '49 "EEndReims area Exhibition center.49 ° 14 '00 "N , 4 ° 04 '16 "ECharacteristicsoriginal length44 kmaltitudesStart: 125 mEnd: 102 m 5ElevationmFoodthe SuippeUsePotable water,Spa,urban fountainsHistoryStart year worklate first centuryClosingfourth centuryedit See the documentation of the modelThe Roman aqueduct of Reims is a hydraulic structure , with waterworks , which fed, from i. to iv century , Durocortorum (Reims) in drinking water: the thermal baths under the cathedral and public fountains.Summary1History2DescriptionFlow2.12.2Courses3Archaeology3.1Courses4See also4.1Bibliography4.2Related articles5ReferencesHistory [ change | modify the code ]The aqueduct was built by the Romans around the year 20 AD.Its use ceased in the fourth century.A major portion of the masonry was reused for other constructions. If funds slabs have not been located, stone slab, bricks were employed in the building of churches in Prunay, Baconnes, Prosnes and Auberive , a wall of the farm Pompelle. The fact remains that some underground parts not accessible and not visitable in addition to aerial views that allow to locate the course.The aqueduct route remained present in the local memory, which are recuperated materials in the tenth and eleventh century, but in the nineteenth for homes, roads. The plot remained visible during the rise of wheat. Local scholars like J. Lacatte-Joltrois, Louis Paris the mentionnèrent, Narcisse Brunette even proposed reuse of remaining infrastructure to supply the city with drinking water. Ernest Kalas was updating a reservoir, spillway to Essiarts during the building of Champagne Park .Description [ edit | edit the code ]The pipes are shaped section of U or simply flared square, depending on location. This U-shape allows the water to flow properly with an average drop of 0.4m per km.It is up to 1.60 cm wide, deep, 60cm round with a peak in arch.Alternately, it traverses the plain through a tunnel when the depth is greater than 5m, in a trench elsewhere. Current estimates are of an excavation of 220 000 m3 of chalk, more than 40 000 background tiles for the base of the aqueduct and thousands of bricks to the piers. The import several tons of pebbles pink flint.Flow [ edit | edit the code ]The flow estimates provided by the aqueduct to the city is 23 000 m 3 a day.The water flow is regulated by controlling the height difference and settling ponds. At the beginning of the aqueduct, a catch basin is constructed with valves to regulate the flow.Courses [ edit | edit the code ]Blue on a 1874 map by Poinsignon.The aqueduct runs through the following common, from upstream to downstream:Jonchery-sur-Suippe 125 m,Saint-Hilaire-le-Grand ,Aubérive two tunnels at the Farm of Hope and the Bois-du-Puits, a section of negative slope, passing 115m to 115,66m,Prosnes ,Val-de-Vesle ,Beine-Nauroy ,Val-de-Vesle ,Prunay ,Nogent-Abbess ,Prunay ,Puisieulx on his last two towns, the passage is underground Farm AlgiersSaint-Léonard ,Cernay-les-Reims ,Saint-Léonard ,Reims , 102.5 m at the fairgrounds.Archaeology [ edit | edit the code ]The first mention is made December 15, 1819 by a letter from Mr. Moët. It was confirmed in the nineteenth century, incidentally during work visit of Mr. Paris or excavations of M. Henry in 1910 on the intake . But the work of excavation and detection only materialize during the last third of the twentieth century by an association, the Geaca then by now INRAP. With preventive archeology in the construction of the Reims Exhibition Centre and the City of the automobile.Courses [ edit | edit the code ]A. Savy in proposing a first stroke in 1859 then Poinsignon in 1878 . The current route, despite excavations and aerial photography still retains some parts supposed, the route follows the contour is very sinuous especially in the part Pompelle / Reims.See also [ edit | edit the code ]References [ change | modify the code ]Yoann Rabasté Michel Ardhuin, Ancient aqueduct Reims (Durocortorum), Reims, Champagne Archaeological Society, 2011.Presentation of the 1984 excavations at the Roman aqueduct Suippe Reims, binding of Geaca Bulletin, No. 4, October-December 1984.Related articles [ edit | edit the code ]Reims .List of Roman aqueducts in France .References [ change | modify the code ]↑ [ INRAP].↑ Records on antiques ... Reims, Reims, 1861.↑ The aspects of the Old Reims, the city in the middle of the third century, BSAC No. III, 1912, p92↑ Henry, military vet.↑ SACSAM 1859, p65.↑ Auguste-Maurice Poinsignon, Suippe Township map.

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